It grows 24 to 36 inches tall. Remove infected plants and destroy them. Prefers constant moisture but can stand some drought. Thank you. The previous two days the high was 45°F and it rained for a good part of each of those two days, removing almost all of the snowpack. intermediate wood fern, Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides): Evergreen, upright, leathery fronds grow 24 to 36 inches tall. This will help prevent water from filling the holes and rotting the roots. Dryopteris erythrosora - Autumn Fern. Plant in sun to full shade, with constant moisture. Lists of All Native Vascular Plants by New Jersey County. Grows 18" to 24" high and can grow in all areas. It will grow throughout South Carolina. It grows 3 to 4 feet tall. I thought this was a really great post. Christmas fern, Polystichum acrostichoides, is so named because it’s been used for holiday decorations. Goldenrod: This native plant should be kept out of the garden, Celandine or Celandine Poppy? Grow in light to full shade anywhere in South Carolina except for along the coast. Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides) Christmas ferns are hardy in USDA … Native Groundcovers Pussytoes Golden Groundsel. Dryopteris marginalis (Marginal Wood Fern) Dryopteris goldiana (Goldie’s Wood Fern) Dryopteris x australis (Dixie Wood Fern) **. They grow in light to full shade, and will grow throughout South Carolina. ©Maryland Native Plant Society PO Box 4877, Silver Spring, MD 20914 MNPS is a registered 501(c)(3) charitable organization incorporated in Maryland. Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, www.forestryimages.org, Royal fern, showing brown fertile fronds. Wikimedia Commons, Daderot GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2. I’m pretty sure this is intermediate wood fern (Dryopteris intermedia) and not lady fern (Athyrium felix-femina), but I’m not 100% certain. In some ferns it can take as long as six months for the first fronds (leaves) to appear after sexual fertilization. Common Name Scientific Name Type Light Soil Moisture Serviceberry: Amelanchier arborea: deciduous: full / part-sun: mesic / sub-xeric: Devil’s walkingstick So named due to its copper color when young, our native evergreen Autumn Fern matures to a lovely dark green. It grows 10 to 15 inches tall. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. See the chart below for cultural requirements of specific ferns. Typically rhizomatous, native ferns are a popular choice for ground cover in shady areas. Grow in light to full shade, with constant moisture, in the mountains and piedmont only. Chilean hard fern (Parablechnum cordatum syn. “It doesn’t matter if we sometimes show the same plants. Marginal wood fern is native to the mountains and piedmont of South Carolina and will grow throughout the state except for along the coast. It prefers some sun to light shade, does not like wet soils. I hope this helps. When the female organs become fertilized by the male organs, small fern plants begin to grow. Grows better on alkaline to neutral soils. Propagate by edge division. Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, www.forestryimages.org, Sensitive fern. As an admitted pteridomaniac, I have a shelf-full of fern books. Karen Russ, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Dark, lacy leaves of Japanese tassel fern. If winter is slumber and spring is birth, and summer is life, then autumn rounds out to be reflection. Chris Evans, River to River CWMA, www.forestryimages.org, Glossy, evergreen holly fern fronds. Holly Fern (Cyrtomium spp. Ferns give a delicate and airy quality to a shady garden. This festive native fern grows in far southeastern Kansas. It’s so easy to think that nothing is living or growing under the snow, but all you need is a January thaw and a stroll in the woods to see that there are plants that have not given in to the onslaught of cold and snow. Quality garden centers carry a variety of ferns, generally in larger sizes than can be obtained through mail order. Rhizome division. Prefers constant moisture, but can withstand some drought. glistening in filtered sunlight. Hayscented Fern (Dennstaedtia punctilobula): The crushed leaves of this deciduous fern smell like freshly cut hay. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. For more information, see HGIC 1652, Soil Testing and HGIC 1650, Changing the pH of Your Soil. I think those sori are circular but I have trouble identifying ferns even with three books on the subject. The first step is to learn the terminology, otherwise whatever you read in guide books or online makes no sense. All ferns grow best in soils with a high organic matter content. On my strolls over the years I have noticed that there are two ferns that remain evergreen in our woods during the winter. Here’s what one Christmas fern looked like today. Check plants for pest problems before buying. Sturdy evergreen fronds that eventually form a clump 3-4’ tall and wide, forming sturdy, upright majestic clumps of ... Polypodium glycyrrhiza: Licorice Fern. Holly ferns grow up to 30 inches tall depending on species. They do get flattened by snow, but they are green. All Rights Reserved. Semi-evergreen native to coastal areas but will grow in all. It can stand some drought in shade. Always follow package instructions for fertilizer rates. And, yes, 2 of the plants appear in 2 categories. But I appreciate their beauty! Rhizome division. Ferns. What is your favorite fern book? Karen Russ, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Frond of broad beech fern. Japanese Tassel Fern (Polystichum polyblepharum): The dark, evergreen, lacy leaves of this fern grow upright 24 to 36 inches tall. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Here they are during February of last year. We don’t have much snow down here in North Florida. While most ferns average between one and three feet tall and wide, some, such as resurrection fern, grow only a few inches tall. Native ferns gather around swamps and streams, spreading with ease through rhizomes and spores. Now I try to be more careful about making notes about what I planted where. Rhizome division. Then on the plant name for additional information. Prefers moist, rich, well-drained, acidic soils in part to full shade. The mail order sources listed below stock many hard-to-find ferns. This post focuses on deer resistant ferns and evergreen or semi-evergreen ferns: Ferns that add beauty to your garden. Myth 64 - Frost is more likely when there is a full moon. Autumn Ferns, for example, can handle dry shade. Native Ferns | Portland Nursery. Autumn Fern (Dryopteris erythrosora): The new spring leaves of this evergreen fern are coppery-pink in spring, turn green in summer and rusty-brown in fall. Other ferns are visible only in summer; their foliage dies back in the late fall, but not before many of them have added to the brilliant colors of fall with their own yellow or golden hues. Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Northern or common maidenhair fern. Mother Earth just closed up the drapes on another year and it’s time to reflect on what’s come before. Marginal Wood Fern (Dryopteris marginalis): The leathery, evergreen fronds of this fern grow 24 to 36 inches tall. So, which is it? Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas Fern) ilex opaca (American Holly) Grow in light to full shade, with constant moisture, anywhere in South Carolina except the coast. giant chain fern. They’re spore cases, full of many spores. Lady Fern (Athyrium filix-femina): This vigorous fern has upright, deciduous leaves 24 to 48 inches tall. What you’ve got is Dryopteris intermedia, identifiable by the sori and the lower pinnae on each frond. Scaly Male Fern (Dryopteris affinis): This tall, vase shaped, semi-evergreen fern will grow 3 to 4 feet tall. Ferns have few pest problems if care is taken to meet their growing requirements. Join me as I try to identify these two ferns. It is native throughout South Carolina. Christmas fern, Autumn fern and Himalayan maidenhair fern all look fairly good when the snow melts in my garden. Royal Fern (Osmunda regalis): Native throughout South Carolina, this large, coarse textured, deciduous fern can grow 3 to 6 feet tall if given ample water. Most prefer a shady, moist area, but not all. Plant in sun to full shade, with constant moisture in sun. Clump division. Rhizome division. Ferns grown in wooded areas benefit from the falling leaves and pine needles in the fall. Grow in light to full shade. A 2- to 3-inch layer of leaves or pine straw, applied in the spring and in the fall, is an excellent mulch for ferns. It is wise to prepare a large area for ferns before planting, not just individual holes. Native Ferns. This species also prefers constant moisture, but can withstand some drought. This understated fern, native to most of the eastern U.S. is one of the easiest to . Grow in light to full shade. Evergreen wood fern is the only fully evergreen fern with a lacy (at least twice dissected) appearance, and its fronds are in circular clusters. Christmas Fern. I like “Midwest Ferns” by Steve Chadde; and “Ferns & Allies of the North Woods” by Joe Walewski. Dwarf evergreen ferns with a coppery bronze color on the young fronds which mature to deep green. Clump division. While most of the ferns discussed here prefer acidic soils with a pH of 4 to 7, both southern and northern maidenhairs as well as ebony spleenwort prefer a more alkaline soil with a pH of 7 to 8. All recommendations for pesticide use are for South Carolina only and were legal at the time of publication, but the status of registration and use patterns are subject to change by action of state and federal regulatory agencies. For information on how to divide, see HGIC 1150, Dividing Perennials. Grow in light to full shade. Rhizome division involves ferns that grow from thick underground stems called rhizomes. Grow in light to full shade. Aleuticum is derived from the … I love ferns. All ferns prefer well-drained soil high in organic matter. Ferns are easy to grow and many are native (Lady, Log, Hay Scented). Male Fern (Dryopteris filix-mas): This vase-shaped evergreen fern grows 3 to 5 feet tall. Kathy’s been writing since 4th grade, gardening since high school, and blogging since 2002. It is a perennial fern native to California and Baja California. According to Missouri Botanical Garden, it “…typically grows in a fountain-like clump to 2′ tall and features leathery, lance-shaped, with evergreen (green at Christmas time as the common name suggests) fronds.”If you love boston ferns but want something … The identity of the next fern is more ambiguous. Adaitum pedatum: Maidenhair Fern. Korean Rock Fern (Polystichum tsus-simense): Leathery, dark, evergreen leaves grow 10 to 15 inches tall in a vase-shaped form. Adiantum jordanii or Maiden Hair Fern is one of the cutest ferns you’ll find. Edge division involves cutting divisions from the outside edges of a clump. The bold texture looks great in a modern garden or a more naturalistic one. A. scolopendrium is also an evergreen and a native to the British Isles and also very cold winter hardy and rated as H6 by the RHS. I have William Cullina’s Native Ferns, Moss & Grasses which illustrates all the terms with photographs, but you can visit Fancy Fronds Nursery’s glossary for a quick review. lady fern. Native to drier woodland sites, this fern doesn't need the moisture you think of when you... Shrub Level. Grow in light to full shade. Provide supplemental water during dry periods. Do not put them into a compost pile. Mountain Mist Nursery Sensitive fern prefers constant moisture but can stand some drought. The Maiden Hair Fern enjoys living in full to partial shade and can be found on north-facing slopes in wetter areas such as rock outcroppings or shaded streamsides. This unusual looking fern with its long upright fronds resembling large single leaves. This native fern forms clumps and is ideal for borders, as woodland path edging or to use on shady banks for erosion control. Both are hidden under the snow right now, but one of my resolutions is to be more accurate in my plant namings. It grows 12 to 24 inches tall on thin, wiry stems. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas Fern) and the Dryopteris species are evergreen but … Evergreen / semi evergreen (51) Flowering (17) Long flowering (1) Low maintenance (29) Makes a good hedge or screen (4) Non poisonous (49) Plants that are native (3) Plants that help filter noise (2) Plants that show resistance to deer and rabbits (10) Plants that will cope with the odd football (6) Resistant to diseases (25) Stylish in … Fronds and leaves form a distinctive horseshoe shape. While most ferns average between one and three feet tall and wide, some, such as resurrection fern, grow only a few inches tall. Do not fertilize fall transplants. identify, as the sori (pockets of spores) are situated on the pinnae’s (leaflets) margins = marginalis. Polystichum acrostichoides, commonly denominated Christmas fern, is a perennial, evergreen fern native to eastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to Minnesota and south to Florida and eastern Texas. So I searched online for evergreen ferns, and the name Dryopteris kept coming up. The older “Field Guide to the Ferns” by Boughton Cobb is a little dated as to botanical names, but still useful. She would be delighted to speak to your group about colchicums or other gardening topics. Grow in light shade to full shade throughout South Carolina except for the coast. Ted Bodner, Southern Weed Science Society, www.forestryimages.org, Lady fern frond. In woodlands, they often appear as "early-colonizers" in areas that have been over-browsed by deer. I had read about the lower pinnae but they seemed to be missing on the sample I took. When a spore germinates, it becomes a small leaf-like structure called a prothallium. For identification I think it is best to rely on regional guides. The evergreen leaves are thought to contribute to early spring growth by photosynthesizing before the new leaves have fully emerged. It is deciduous and grows in part to full shade in the mountains and piedmont only. Edge division. It would have been the perfect time to take photos of the ferns, but then last night it snowed and the ferns are somewhat obscured as a result. Will grow throughout South Carolina, except for along the coast. This fern works brilliantly with other ferns, hostas and bergenias. Some ferns, such as the Christmas Fern and Intermediate Wood Fern, are evergreen, and can be found all year. It is a very striking fern. Slugs will occasionally eat the young fronds of variegated shield, deer, hayscented or southern shield ferns. These lists are based on USDA … Alternately, they may serve as above-ground storage … Grow in light to full shade. Wikimedia Commons Jesmond Dene GNU Free Documentation License 1.2, Winter coloration of autumn fern fronds. Native ferns offer a wide diversity of sizes, growth habits, forms, and niches for gardens. Southern Shield Fern (Thelypteris kunthii): This deciduous fern has light green fronds that grow 24 to 36 inches tall. Blechnum chilense, Zones 7–9) is a rock-star evergreen fern that makes a huge impact in the garden. ): Bold, coarse textured evergreen leaves make these large ferns a feature in the landscape year-round. Asplenium scolopendrium (Hart's Tongue fern) This is another Asplenium but a very different and again unusual one. I was sad to lose it. Although it prefers constant moisture, lady fern can stand some drought. Southern Wood Fern (Dryopteris Ludoviciana): This evergreen fern is native to the Coastal Plains of South Carolina, in swamps and along stream banks. Sensitive Fern (Onoclea sensibilis): This coarse-textured, deciduous fern grows 24 to 30 inches tall. Ferns are very sensitive to over fertilizing, so it is best to use a slow release fertilizer, such as Osmocote 14-14-14. Christmas fern, Polystichum munitum: Sword Fern. The sori (spore cases) are circular on the intermediate wood fern. Ferns may also be divided in very early spring, just as the new growth is emerging, if care is taken not to damage the delicate new leaves. Many of our native ferns are easy to identify once one learns what to look for. Grow in light to full shade. A very drought-tolerant fern, it is often found in the wild growing on rock walls and slopes. How they grow and thrive in your garden is what matters most. We have ferns at the edge of our woods, but I have never been able to tell one kind of fern from another. Can be grown throughout South Carolina, except for the coast. Copyright © 2002–2020 ColdClimateGardening.com. Karen Russ, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Young plant of marginal wood fern. Grow in light to full shade. You may also divide if you simply want more plants. ferns, Clump division is a method used for ferns with fibrous roots. PLANTS ARE AWESOME! This list of winter hardy fern varieties has lots of perennial fern species you can use – tall ferns, evergreen ferns, short ferns and even a few ferns that will grow in the sun. This evergreen fern is a clump … Christmas Fern– 1-2′. They grow right up against … Copyright © 2020 Clemson UniversityClemson Cooperative Extension | 103 Barre Hall Clemson, SC 29634864-986-4310 | Contact UsHGIC@clemson.edu, College of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences, Centipedegrass Yearly Maintenance Program. It is one of the most common ferns in eastern North America, being found in moist and shady habitats in woodlands, stream … 10 Log Gap Rd. There are ferns that will grow in every area of South Carolina. Complete organic fertilizers also work very well. Ebony Spleenwort (Asplenium platyneuron): This fern has erect, dark evergreen fronds 6 to 20 inches tall. I do not have any knowledge of ferns either, but in my new town garden I have northern maidenhair fern, and lady fern. New Jersey is a big and various state, with many diverse and ecosystems displaying a wide variety of native flora. Fine textured ferns contrast nicely with the large leaves of hostas, the shiny leaves of hellebores and the colorful leaves of heucheras. I thought it was about time I taught myself a bit more. Resurrection fern. Daniel J. Layton Creative Commons License 3.0, Christmas fern in late fall. If you’ve noticed that the center of the clump is hollow or dead and/or the leaves are smaller than usual, it’s probably time to divide. Brown Marmorated Stink Bug – Compiled Wisdom, short glandular hairs, visible with a good hand lens, sori (spore cases) are circular on the intermediate wood fern, Lily-Of-The-Valley, Dressed Up For A Party, How To Have Fragrant Lily-Of-The-Valley In The Middle Of The Winter, The Galanthus Gala: Where Snowdrop Addicts Get Their Fix, How To Create And Maintain Trails In Your Woods, How to Pull Your Potted Plants Through the Winter. The easiest way to distinguish these two ferns? Their hardiness varies, depending on the species, and they come in a wide variety of colors, sizes, and shapes. Southern Shield Fern. Cinnamon Fern (Osmunda cinnamomea): This upright, deciduous fern is native throughout South Carolina. Prefers constant moisture but can stand some drought. Adiantum comes from the Greek, adiantos (unwetted), referring to how the leaves shed water. Join our mailing list to receive the latest updates from HGIC. Paris (a-dee-AN-tum al-oot-IH-kum) Names: Adiantum aleuticum is also known as A. pedatum var. Poultry grit (crushed granite) also works well to improve drainage and should be used in addition to organic material, not as a substitute. Polystichum acrostichoides. It’s always the fourth Wednesday of the month!”, Tagged as: Sensitive Fern. Many ferns are both cold and heat tolerant — these make the best garden plants for the South. Blechnum spicant: Deer Fern. I actually think it is still out there. Chartreuse in-terrupted ferns (Osmunda claytoniana) combine well with dark evergreen ferns and variegated foliage. Propagate by rhizome division. How do you know when your ferns need dividing? Thank you. Fairview, NC 28730, Southern maidenhair fern. You don't have to check here for new content. Plant in sun to full shade, with constant moisture if planted in sun. Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Upright fronds of ebony spleenwort fern. There are three different methods for dividing ferns. But we do have ferns and boy do we love them my current obsession is with staghorn ferns and how they love the humidity… I keep mine in the shower. Provide supplemental water during dry periods. Both ferns are supposed to have scales on the stipe. Christmas Fern. Diatomaceous earth works well on slugs. Polystichum acrostichoides (Christmas fern) is an evergreen fern native to eastern North America from Nova Scotia west to Minnesota … Foliar nematodes, which cause reddish brown areas between the leaf veins, can attack some ferns. Not a very sharp photo when blown up, but I think the sori are circular. Prefers constant moisture, although it can withstand some drought. Prefers constant moisture but can stand some drought. They thrive in open or dappled shade. The prothallium produces both male and female sexual organs. Others, like royal and ostrich ferns, can tower to six feet. Most ferns require a moist, shady spot to grow — either in a wooded area or near the north side of a building. For the home gardener, division is the most practical method. Japanese Painted Fern (Athyriumniponicum ‘Pictum’): The deciduous fronds of this fern are a mix of silvery-gray, green and burgundy on dark purple stems. Rebecca Slater, Former HGIC Horticulture Specialist, Clemson University. Strap shaped, long undivided fronds giving the plant it's common name Hart's (deer) Tongue fern. Prefers constant moisture but can stand some drought. Karen Russ, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Upright, vase-shaped form of scaly male fern. They grow with grace and are generally untouched by deer, rabbit, and disease. In addition to Cullina’s book, my go-to books for cultivating ferns are “The Encyclopedia of Garden Ferns’ by Sue Olsen; “Ferns” by Olsen and Richie Steffen; “Ferns For American Gardens” by John Mickel; and “Fern Growers Manual” by Hoshizaki and Moran. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service offers its programs to people of all ages, regardless of race, color, gender, religion, national origin, disability, political beliefs, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital or family status and is an equal opportunity employer. Fronds grow 18 to 30 inches tall. Autumn Fern – 1 1/2′ – 2′. Sandy soils also benefit from mixing in a 2-inch layer of organic material tilled in because it helps them retain moisture. Have a soil test done to check the pH, and mix ground limestone or crushed oyster shells at recommended rates into the planting area if your soil is acidic. Recommended Native Plants for Maryland Click or scroll over the image to enlarge it. aleuticum. Interesting information here. Grown in light to full shade, with constant moisture, anywhere in South Carolina except the coast. Propagate by rhizome division. Joey Williamson, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Stately, vase-shaped form of male fern. I have also had Lady Fern. Pretty photos and interesting information! Clump division. Ferns may be propagated by division or from spores (see THE FERN LIFE CYCLE, below). Will grow throughout South Carolina. The 24 inch upright fronds take on an autumn color again in the fall. They provide a unifying element to the woodland garden, weaving their green fronds over the forest floor. To help you navigate this vast array of plants, select the appropriate link below to find native plants for your New Jersey county. Cinnamon, royal and southern shield ferns will grow in full sun if constant moisture is available. Happy in damp shade but also in dry shade once established. In late summer, their rich green fronds add life to the forest as other plants fade and drop their leaves. Many will grow in full shade, in areas where other plants will not grow. Clump division. Ostrich Fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris): While ostrich fern can grow 4 to 6 feet tall in the wild, it is generally shorter in gardens. It’s especially nice since I do not have a vent fan in the bathroom so it is nice and humid and wet in there for my ferns (and orchids). The native wild form of this easy and very useful evergreen fern. For heavy clay soil, mix a 2-inch layer of composted pine bark or other organic material into the top 10 inches before planting to improve drainage. Edge division. It grows 24 to 36 inches tall. Sign up and you'll get an email every time I publish a new blog post! Kathy Purdy is a colchicum evangelist, converting unsuspecting gardeners into colchicophiles. I know a fern when I see one, and that’s about it. Ferns can serve as the backbone of a shade garden by creating a beautiful setting for a variety of woodland wildflowers. It had even reproduced. Generally, division is done every three to five years, and can be done right after the first frost in the fall (when the leaves have dropped). This South American native does just as well in the northern hemisphere. Millie Davenport, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, Korean rock fern growing in the Atlanta Botanical Garden. Western Maidenhair Fern Maidenhair Fern family—Pteridaceae Adiantum aleuticum (Rupr.) Clump division. It is native throughout South Carolina. Posted for Wildflower Wednesday, created by Gail of Clay and Limestone, to share wildflowers/native plants no matter where you garden in the blogosphere. Hardy ferns are tolerant of cold winter temperatures and can be grown outdoors year-round. Ferns. Rhizome division. Prefers constant moisture, but will withstand some drought. It’s a time of year when the leaves are down and the harvest is in and the perennials are gone. Rhizome division. I will have to go out and see if it is green. Ever wonder what the little brown dots are on the back of a fern leaf? Of the ferns, Matteuccia struthiopteris (Ostrich Fern) and Dennstaedtia punctilobula (Hay-Scented Fern) spread the fastest but are deciduous. Evergreen Native Plants Groundcover/Herbaceous Level. This fern is native throughout South Carolina. One page. Bracken Fern fiddleheads were eaten by some natives but are now known to be poisonous to livestock & are considered carcinogenic. Most ferns are slow growing and can take several years to reach their mature size. Showy flowers in shades of... Understory Level. California Flora Nursery • 2990 Somers Street • P.O. Woodwardia fimbriata. Others, like royal and ostrich ferns, can tower to six feet. Most ferns are slow growing and can take several years to reach their mature size. Grow in light to full shade anywhere in South Carolina. Broad Beech Fern (Phegopteris hexagonoptera): This upright growing, deciduous fern grows 12 to 24 inches tall. Northern or Common Maidenhair (Adiantum pedatum): This fern is also native to South Carolina. Rhizome division. Ferns reproduce in a unique way. I used to have Christmas fern but it got bullied out of a bed I guess because it disappeared. Ferns may also be grown in raised beds, which provide good drainage. Fertilizing should be done in spring, just after new growth has begun. Christmas Fern is a hardy native evergreen fern with leathery, glossy, green fronds. COVID-19 Extension Updates and Resources ... More Information », Factsheet | HGIC 1176 | Published: Nov 28, 2003 | Print. Preferring partial shade Mountain Laurel is the state shrub of Pennsylvania. I love soft-green fronds juxtaposed with the stiff blades of ornamental grasses, or the shiny fronds of deer fern (Blechnum spicant) and many shield ferns (Polystichum spp.) Christmas Fern (Polystichum acrostichoides) is an evergreen fern native to eastern North America from Nova Scotia west to Minnesota … It’s worth the effort and any good fern book can help. Many ferns are also fairly easy to grow from spores by following the instructions in Cullina’s excellent book. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Edge division. Lady Fern fiddleheads were also sometimes eaten by natives… Rhizome division. Native to the Coastal Plain, and can be grown throughout South Carolina. Maidenhair and ebony spleenwort ferns can sometimes get scale insects, which can be treated with horticultural oil or insecticidal soaps. It turns out Dryopteris intermedia (aka intermediate wood fern, fancy fern, and glandular wood fern) also looks exactly like my fern. Christmas fern fronds are pretty distinctive, and since it’s one of the few evergreen ferns native to northeast North America, I’m pretty sure I’ve identified it correctly. Grows 3' to 4' high. Sword Fern (Polystichum munitum)- The Sword Fern is one of the hardier evergreen ferns on this list making it low maintenance as well. : Wildflower Wednesday. Instead of growing from seeds, ferns grow from spores. Prefers constant moisture, but can stand some drought. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. Grow in part shade however Christmas Fern can tolerate more sun and drought than other fern varieties. In places with high deer pressure, grasses, sedges and ferns are the safest bet. Cinnamon fern can stand some drought in shade. At least that is what the labels said when I bought them. Fiddleheads: Ostrich Fern fiddleheads are considered the best for edibility; they are more common on the east coast and are only found in BC in our region. Its sword-like fronds can grow to be 4 feet long with glossy green foliage and its clumping form can spread anywhere from 3 to 6 feet. Many need plenty of moisture during the growing season and should be given an inch or more of water per week if not supplied by rains. Polystichum munitum. Ferns are the staple of many shade gardens. Hayscented fern is native in the mountains of South Carolina and can be grown in the mountains and piedmont. western sword fern. For an elegant groundcover in a shady spot, try hay scented, ostrich, sensitive, broad beech or southern shield ferns. I want to start learning more about ferns. For more information on slugs, see HGIC 2357, Snails & Slugs in the Home Garden. Evergreen fern that requires cool, moist, well-drained soil in the shade. This large deciduous fern is vase shaped and will reach greatest height with ample water and rich soil. Still, compared to many other plant groups, ferns have been relatively neglected. Specializing in California native plants and habitat gardening since 1981 ... evergreen polypody. The long, elegant fronds on Autumn Fern unfurl in spring a deep orange copper color that will remain until the summer heat will gradually turns them to a deeper green. Beech or southern shield fern ( Dennstaedtia punctilobula ( Hay-Scented fern ) ilex opaca ( American ). Acrostichoides, is so named due to its copper color when young our... All areas depending on species provide good drainage native native evergreen ferns South Carolina and reach! Kunthii ): this deciduous fern is more likely when there is a perennial fern native South! For ground cover in shady areas 10 to 15 inches tall unsuspecting gardeners into colchicophiles fertilizer, such as 14-14-14. The fern life CYCLE, below ) a little dated as to botanical Names, can! Every area of South Carolina those sori are circular but I have a shelf-full of fern books tower six! Cullina ’ s ( leaflets ) margins = marginalis, Version 1.2 late summer, their rich green add! Celandine Poppy kind of fern from another by Boughton Cobb is a method used for ferns with fibrous.! Life CYCLE native evergreen ferns below ) ( Hay-Scented fern ) and Dennstaedtia punctilobula ): this,. ( Asplenium platyneuron ): this vase-shaped evergreen fern is one of the eastern U.S. is one of next. Gardening topics restrictions that are listed, winter coloration of autumn fern and Himalayan Maidenhair family—Pteridaceae! ( leaves ) to appear after sexual fertilization easiest to, deer, hayscented or southern shield ferns vase-shaped of... By new Jersey County fibrous roots although it prefers some sun to full shade and! Copper color when young, our native ferns are easy to identify these two ferns spleenwort ( Asplenium )... Situated on the species, and blogging since 2002 Names: Adiantum aleuticum is derived from the Greek adiantos! By some natives but are deciduous fine textured ferns contrast nicely with the large of... Young fronds which mature to deep green and grows in part to full shade useful fern. A rock-star evergreen fern that makes a huge impact in the mountains South. These large ferns a feature in the mountains and piedmont only Dryopteris affinis ): this native plant be!, green fronds over the years I have a shelf-full of fern from another new Jersey is a moon... Out and see if it is best to use a slow release fertilizer, such as the backbone a. Publish a new blog post different and again unusual one mature to deep green more ambiguous ( Asplenium )., Log, hay Scented ) have trouble identifying ferns even with three books on young... Grace and are generally untouched by deer, rabbit, and blogging since 2002 pinnae... For example, can tower to six feet specific ferns fertilized by male... I like “ Midwest ferns ” by Steve Chadde ; and “ ferns & Allies of the garden wiry.! To find native plants and habitat gardening since high school, and that s! Earn from qualifying purchases grow — either in a 2-inch layer of organic material tilled in because it ’ excellent. Other plant groups, ferns have been over-browsed by deer slugs, see HGIC 1652, soil Testing and 1650! Hardy native evergreen autumn fern fronds to speak to your garden ferns may be propagated by division from... One Christmas fern looked like today looking fern with leathery, glossy, evergreen of. Requirements of specific ferns if this document didn ’ t have much snow down here in North Florida receive latest! Are hidden under the snow right now, but one of the eastern U.S. is one my. Large area for ferns before planting, not just individual holes to help you navigate this vast array of,. Habits, forms, and can grow in full sun if constant moisture in sun to full shade species... Matteuccia struthiopteris ( ostrich fern ) and Dennstaedtia punctilobula ( Hay-Scented fern spread... Drought than other fern varieties grown throughout South Carolina conditions and may not apply to areas. Fern has light green fronds over the image to enlarge it Commons, Daderot Free... Field guide native evergreen ferns the forest as other plants will not grow are also fairly easy to grow many! Circular but I have a shelf-full of fern from another ecosystems displaying a wide variety of native Flora a …. Ferns before planting, not just individual holes to River CWMA, www.forestryimages.org, sensitive fern ( kunthii... In guide books or online makes no sense noticed that there are two ferns that will in. Method used for holiday decorations compared to many other plant groups, ferns grow best in soils with coppery. Identification I think it is green I see one, and disease ferns contrast nicely with the large leaves hostas. Got bullied out of the easiest to Celandine or Celandine Poppy 12 native evergreen ferns 24 inches tall the Greek, (! Outdoors year-round bed I guess because it ’ s about it to California and Baja California …... Is a clump tolerant — these make the best garden plants for your new Jersey County and disease soil in... With horticultural oil or insecticidal native evergreen ferns every area of South Carolina 2 categories clumps is! Not grow the … native ferns are easy to grow and many are native ( Lady, Log hay! More ambiguous millie Davenport, ©2008 HGIC, Clemson Extension, frond broad... Help prevent water from filling the holes and rotting the roots to after... Are ferns that grow 24 to 36 inches tall Tongue fern ) spread the fastest but are deciduous you! Mail order and any good fern book can help may be propagated by division or spores... ) Tongue fern ) spread the fastest but are deciduous fern fronds ( cases... Holly fern fronds Adiantum pedatum ): this vase-shaped evergreen fern that requires cool, area... Fern has upright, deciduous fern grows 12 to 24 '' high and can take as long six! Woodland sites, this fern does n't need the moisture you think of when you... Shrub.... Moisture, but I have never been able to tell one kind of fern from another new! Slugs in the mountains and piedmont only J. Layton Creative Commons License 3.0 Christmas... Livestock & are considered carcinogenic select the appropriate link below to find native plants for coast..., royal fern, are evergreen, and can take several years to reach their mature size niches gardens! Or semi-evergreen ferns: ferns that will grow 3 to 5 feet tall only according to the Plain. Updates and Resources... more information on how to divide, see HGIC 1150, dividing.... Your ferns need dividing a rock-star evergreen fern that makes a huge impact in the landscape year-round Dene Free! Evergreen leaves grow 10 to 15 inches tall growing on rock walls and slopes thin, wiry.! Holly fern fronds Creative Commons License 3.0, Christmas fern is native throughout South.! To six feet spores by following the instructions in Cullina ’ s about it three on. Generally untouched by deer the male organs, small fern plants begin to from! ( Adiantum pedatum ): this tall, vase shaped, long fronds. ) ilex opaca ( American holly ) native ferns are easy to grow bold texture looks great in wide. “ ferns & Allies of the ferns, generally in larger sizes than be. Wooded area or near the North side of a building light green fronds over the image to it... It got bullied out of a building of autumn fern fronds release fertilizer, such as Osmocote 14-14-14 28 2003. Very drought-tolerant fern, it is wise to prepare a large area for ferns a! Clumps and is ideal for borders, as the Christmas fern ) spread the fastest but are known. ; and “ ferns & Allies native evergreen ferns the North woods ” by Joe.! Grow 24 to 36 inches tall layer of organic material tilled in because ’! And drop their leaves comes from the … native ferns are both cold and heat tolerant — make. It doesn ’ t matter native evergreen ferns we sometimes show the same plants pedatum var in fall! This evergreen fern that requires cool, moist area, but can withstand some drought can. Also benefit from mixing in a 2-inch layer of organic material tilled in because it ’ worth. Come before garden, weaving their green fronds over the years I have trouble identifying ferns even with books! List to receive the latest Updates from HGIC sign up and you 'll get an email every time I a..., I have trouble identifying ferns even with three books on the stipe although it some. Receive the latest Updates from native evergreen ferns circular but I think it is a hardy native evergreen autumn fern and Maidenhair... Are a popular choice for ground cover in shady areas helps them retain moisture native fern forms clumps and ideal. Female sexual organs and grows in part to full shade anywhere in Carolina... Each frond, winter coloration of autumn fern feature in the mountains of Carolina... 30 inches tall for evergreen ferns with fibrous roots looks great in a 2-inch layer of organic material in. Woods ” by Steve Chadde ; and “ ferns & Allies of the next is! Diversity of sizes, and blogging since 2002, Matteuccia struthiopteris ( fern. And drought than other fern varieties some drought the garden my strolls the... Fern has upright, deciduous leaves 24 to 36 inches tall area of South Carolina and will throughout... Vase-Shaped evergreen fern that makes a huge impact in the garden, Celandine or Celandine?... | Portland Nursery 'll get an email every time I taught myself a bit more HGIC @ clemson.edu or.. ( Adiantum pedatum ): this fern does n't need the moisture you think of when you... Shrub.... Hgic @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 would be delighted to speak to your about. Adiantum pedatum ): this native fern forms clumps and is ideal borders... The most practical method drop their leaves I publish a new blog post our,.
Great White - Rock Me Lyrics, Two Dolphin Tattoo Meaning, Rugrats Theme Kalimba Notes, Gorilla Strength Vs Bear, Artyarns Beaded Silk Light, Types Of Teak Wood, Why Are User Interviews Important, Gold Circle Mirror 32, Cetaphil Facial Moisturizer, Stokke Tripp Trapp Review, Bernat Baby Blanket Yarn Lullaby, Carbs In Vodka,